What our Customers say…”FloorSlip is one of the best sources for information and services on Floor Safety and Floor Testing …and the Expert Witness reports for Slip Injury Lawyers are clear and unequivocal to assist in winning cases”

WHERE WE FLOOR TEST

Cheap Floor Tests for Businesses and Lawyers available in In all Major UK Cities and nearby Towns including  Floor Testing  in Scotland – Aberdeen, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Perth, Stirling, Inverness and fife / Floor Safety Risk Assessments in North East England – Middlesborough, South Shields, Newcastle, Stockton on Tees, Darlington / Floor Pendulum Testing in North West England – Manchester, Lancaster, Liverpool, Runcorn, Preston, Blackpool, Blackburn Bury, Bolton, Warrington, Widnes, St.Helens (Cheshire) Birkenhead, Ellesmere Port, Chester, Crewe, Oldham, Stockport, Trafford Park. Rochdale, Congleton, Sandbach Macclesfield, / Floor Pendulum Tests in Wales in Cardiff, Newport, Swansea, Colwyn, Rhyl, Bangor / Pendulum Floor Slip Tests in Northern Central England – Sheffield, Leeds, Bradford (Yorkshire), Rotherham, Wakefield, / Slip Resistance Testing in East England in Hull, Humberside and Lincoln / BS7976-2 Pendulum Tests in the Midlands in– Nottingham, Derby, Rugby, Stoke, Stafford, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Worcester, / Pendulum Flooring Tests in Central England – Northampton, Rugby, Derby, Oxford, Cambridge, Peterborough / HSE and BS7976 Approved Floor Testing in London and Home Counties – Watford, Milton Keynes, St.Albans, Cambridge, Newbury, Reading, Andover, Heathrow / Slip Injury Floor Tests in South England – Portsmouth, Brighton, Eastbourne, Southampton, Bournemouth, Salisbury, Isle of Man /  Floor Testing in Slip Accident Claims in South West England – Swindon, Bristol, Bath, Plymouth, Exeter, Falmouth, Cheltenham, Gloucester, Taunton, Warwick / Cheap Floor Testing in South East England – Dover, Margate, Rochester, Folkestone, Hastings, Tunbridge Wells,



FloorSlip Ltd – Head Office - Preston UK - Registered Limited Company 07757686



UK Specialists in H&S Approved Floor Pendulum Testing for Businesses and Expert Witness Services for Slip Injury Lawyers

FloorSlip

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Phone or Text    UK North  07774  32 32 67       UK South  07506  55 99 52 Email: - Info@floorslip.co.uk

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Maintaining Floor Safety for Employers, Managers and Architects specifying floors or refurbishing Existing Floor Surfaces


Aesthetics should NOT rule floor choice - ‘Shiny Floors’ are a main reason for Slip Injury Claims


Shiny Floors are Slippery Floors and dangerous when wetTo prevent floor slips and trips and avoid future slip accidents and personal injury claims, employers, architects, and managers wishing to buy or specify flooring need to source suitable flooring products that are accompanied with technical specifications informing them of the floor slip resistance, the Floor R Ratings and ABC Ratings and how floor cleaning and maintenance should occur.


Too many shopping complexes and elite office blocks have beautiful shiny floors – but they are a floor slip accident waiting for a personal injury lawyer to happen. Plus the cost of making slippy floors non slip after floor laying can be very prohibitive and some floor coatings do not necessarily perform as advertised, particularly on hard granite or marble floors where adherence of anti slip coatings can be poor and peel in a short time.

It is a legal requirement that floor manufacturers and flooring suppliers provide accurate data of their products, particularly in respect to non slip / slip resistant flooring materials. Ideally, the flooring manufactures should categorise the slipperiness of flooring in accordance with Health and safety recommendations by providing specific floor test data

Four main Flooring Criteria you should consider when specifying floors

1) The Coefficient of Friction (CoF) - which gives true slip testing figures.

The Floor Slip Test Coefficient of Friction is determined using the ‘Pendulum Test’ to BS 7976-2 or BS EN 13036-4:2011 and a minimum Pendulum Test Value (PTV)* on horizontal floor surfaces of 36 is required (Relating to a CoF of 0.36); this figure must increases for inclines, for example on a wheelchair ramp. Read More on pendulum testing and expected results

*Also known as SRV or Slip Resistance Value


2) The Floor Surface Roughness (Rz) indicates to the floor tester and Health & Safety representative the apparent slip resistance*.

The Surface Roughness Testing is conducted using a portable floor tester such as the Surtronic Duo giving an average floor test surface roughness reading (The Rz Reading). The Floor Surface Roughness Test is particularly useful in monitoring changes in wear over time – for example, from new to 6 months or one year later.


*Note carefully – Surface Roughness Testing is NOT a true floor slip reading, it is only an indication of floor friction. Two different floor surfaces having the same Floor Roughness Testing readings can have different a different Coefficient of Resistance and floor slipperiness; the HSL (Government Health & Safety Laboratories) has determined this is particularly noticeable where wet floors are involved as 90% of Floor Slips occur on wet smooth flooring such as marble floors (known as ‘Terrazzo’). Read More on Floor Surface Roughness Tests


3) The R Rating (Or Ramp Test Rating)

A floor test is conducted on a ramp set at varying inclined angles, the ramp testing providing different results as the ramp gets steeper; the steeper the ramp can be raised without heel slip then the better (higher) the Ramp Test Rating or ‘R Rating’. The Ramp Test is conducted to DIN 51130* results ranging from R9 or LEAST Floor Slip Resistance [Not R1] to R13, the MOST Slip Resistance**. The Ramp test to DIN 51130 is used to test wet floors, dry floors and contaminated flooring surfaces using a person wearing deeply treaded (cleated) safety footwear. Read More on Ramp Testing


4) The ABC Rating (Ramp Test ‘Bare Feet’ Rating)

Another Ramp Test (Performed to DIN 51097) but instead uses a persons bare feet to represent, for example, a pedestrian walking on a slippery swimming pool floor. The ratings are A, B and C where C is the steepest. Read More on Floor Ramp Testing


* DIN is the equivalent to British Standards in the UK. DIN = 'Deutsches Institut für Normung' or German Institute of Standardisation. It is a standard by which floor designers and architects must specify to in some EU countries to conform with building regulations and to apply early prevention of floor slip accident injury claims


** IMPORTANT NOTE - Floor surfaces classified R9 and R10 and in some cases R11 will NOT be acceptable in slippery wet floor or greasy floor conditions.


Further flooring advice for selecting the correct non slip floor type

The flooring suppliers’ information generally only relates to ‘as supplied’ floor products and can not be expected to take into account the following problems: -


If Wheelchair use is required - Check your Building Regulations on the maximum floor slope angle and consult the UK Disability Discriminations Act (DDA)*

Contaminants introduced during construction / floor laying process

Flooring contaminant encountered in daily use such as oil, blood, cooking fat, sawdust, talcum power

The degree or type of floor wear

The shoes that may be worn; slippery floor issues can be overcome to a large degree by legislating employees will wear non slip safety shoes (and in good condition); it may be more cost efficient to buy workers shoes than replace floors; this will not negate floor testing but will lower the floor slip risk potential. Obviously this solution is only viable for employees

Floor cleaning methods, frequency and consistency thereof and the floor cleaners used in the process

Changes in floor manufacturing process or constituent materials used - what was specified for the floor surface or even tested prior to flooring installation may not be what is delivered, Consider conducting a Pendulum test as soon as the first floors are laid* to check early on that the floors supplied meet or ideally exceed floor slip resistance test values and other relevant floor specifications before all the flooring is laid and costly non slip floor recovery is required.

* This may become a legal requirement in the future in order to meet future building regulations on floors and particularly for the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA)


Flooring advice publications

Advice on the selection of flooring is given in CIRIA* book available to buy (From CIRIA)

‘Safer surfaces to walk on – Reducing the Risk of Slipping’ free to download

(Note - this file is large and takes longer than normal to open 254 pages / 22 MB PDF)

*Construction Industry Research and Information Association


A useful book for architects available is Designing For Accessibility

https://www.ribabookshops.com/item/designing-for-accessibility-2012-edition/78039/


Useful Flooring advice Links

Consideration of floor types for architects and designers

http://www.hse.gov.uk/slips/architects.htm


Assessing the Slip Resistance of Flooring

http://www.hse.gov.uk/slips/experience.htm#flooring


Supermarket Floor Slip Experience

http://www.hse.gov.uk/slips/experience/supermarket-floor.htm










Floor Coatings - The advantages of floor coatings

Floor coatings, from the perspective of floor testing, are typically used where an economical and swift solution has been required to make a floor non-slip and meet HSE recommendations. The subject of coatings is not very large and there tends to only be the following types found or quoted, which covers many of the brand names found:-


Paint (Non-Slip or aggregated)

Epoxy Resin Coatings

Polyurethane floor coatings

Screed (Thin solution of concrete with no aggregate)


WATCO are a good source of information on coatings - http://www.watco.co.uk/anti-slip

Floor Coating - The disadvantages of floor coatings

Anyone who’s ever decorated an internal wall, re-sprayed a car or varnished a boat will know that it’s the preparation of the surface that is the key to a good finish and one that last the test of time.


Imagine though, you want to prepare a floor, which is hundreds of metres in size. On that floor will be people, vehicular traffic, customers, water from rain, snow and condensation, dust and dirt, fork trucks, spillages, grease and oil and other contaminants and all these factors have to be contended with. Concrete is also highly alkaline when laid and full of moisture for at least 4 weeks afterwards, but many coating ‘specialists’ will still coat a floor immediately after laying; the result of which is it will bubble and peel either from the alkali or the moisture.  


So, it can be seen, that to prepare a floor that will last is a very difficult job. Floor coatings peel; are not applied evenly; soak up moisture; are applied too quickly and not left to dry between coats; and often products are time expired before they are even laid! And soon the result of all these aforementioned issues is a floor likely to have, at a minimum, patches of poor slip resistance and in a very short space of time.


Many coatings also dry rock hard and, even though they may be ‘PTV Safe’ at first, they will over time become ‘polished’ from footfall and traffic and patches of poor PTV will be the result.


The last issue is there are too many ‘non-slip’ coatings on the market that will never meet the required PTV of 36 in any circumstance; but some entrepreneurial businessman will have tried to build up a business based on the product and bought thousands of litres which he must shift to get his money back (Regardless of whether it is safe!).


Ramps For The Disabled

Link to Part M of the Building regulations 2004 - http://www.planningportal.gov.uk/buildingregulations/approveddocuments/partm/approved - Refer Section 1.26



Typical floor slope angle for a wheelchair is 3 to 4 degrees

Floor Safety